A mere explanation about IVF “In Vitro Fertilization” will seem plain or simpler than the actual practical part. Right from the consultation phase to the last part of pregnancy testing, a couple is more or less on the verge due to uncertainties.
The embryo transfer phase happens to be most crucial part of IVF as it actually raises tension once conducted.
With an overview, IVF generally comprises the following steps;
- Hormone Therapy or Ovarian Stimulation (Step 1)
After consultation, a woman is injected with medicines that stimulate egg development in the ovarian follicles. Some women may utilize Clomid while others may utilize Gonadotropin alongside other medications. Right from the beginning of ovarian stimulation, a woman is frequently monitored to ascertain egg maturity.
- Egg Retrieval (Step 2)
In case the eggs are fully developed, they are surgically removed from the ovaries. An ultrasound exam will help a fertility doctor understand the maturity level of the eggs before extracting them.
- Fertilization (Step 3)
During this phase, the eggs are joined or combined with the male sperms for fertilization to occur. A number of eggs are combined with the sperms in order to avail more embryos for transfer.
- Embryo transfer (Step 4)
During this step, at least 3 embryos are introduced into a woman’s uterus for implantation to occur. This final step of IVF must be conducted by an experienced fertility doctor and if necessary, related IVF techniques like embryo hatching may be of help.
This step will not require sedation or anaesthesia and normally, a woman is discharged on the same day. It should be noted that transferring previously frozen embryos has the same success rate of transferring fresh embryos.
In a private room, a woman is made to lie supine just she does during the normal gynaecology checkups.
The doctor will then use a catheter to introduce the embryos through the vagina and the cervix to the uterus. This is done under the guidance of an ultrasound.
Once the embryos are introduced, the woman will rest for at least an hour in a recovery room after which she is free to return home. Some women are given certain prescriptions to facilitate pregnancy.
A woman may experience a slight discomfort during and after embryo transfer
Testing for pregnancy is done after two weeks of embryo transfer.
Possible ways to Improve Implantation Chances
It is necessary to follow the doctor’s instructions since they are individually provided to facilitate implantation. However, most commonly, couples are advised to;
- Forego strenuous physical activities
- Vigorous sexual intercourse
- Get enough sleep
- Avoid tension, stress, and anxiety as much as possible
- Promote a good diet that consists of enough proteins, vegetables, and fiber
- Avoid alcohol, caffeine, and tobacco intake
- Keep a positive attitude throughout the waiting period
IVF is an advanced infertility treatment commonly conducted today. It generally requires expertise and total preparation before a woman begins her treatment course. Choosing an advanced IVF centre in India is one of the keys to a successful treatment.